Lange Instant Access Acid-Base, Fluids, and Electrolytes

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Date

March 1, 2007

Format

Electronic book text, 496 pages

Other Formats


ISBN

0071509321 / 9780071509329

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Overview


Main description

This is the most convenient, easy-to-use resource available on one of the most fundamental issues in inpatient management. The authors of McGraw-Hill's critically-acclaimed Nephrology in 30 Days extracted the most clinically relevant information on acid base and electrolyte disorders from that great resource and streamlined it for use at the point-of-care with a bulleted format and plenty of tables.


Table of contents

Chapter 1: Body fluid compartments and intravenous fluid replacement 1. Body fluid compartments
2. Intravenous solutions
3. General principles
4. Assessing extracellular fluid volume
5. Fluid resuscitation
6. Clinical examples of fluid resuscitationChapter 2: Disorders of Na+ balance (edema, hypertension or hypotension) 1. Introduction
2. Regulation of Na+ transport in kidney
3. Disorders associated with increased total body Na+ (ECF volume expansion)
4. Clinical manifestations of increased total body Na+ (ECF volume expansion)
5. General approach to the edematous patient
6. General treatment of the edematous patient
7. Clinical manifestations of decreased total body Na+ (ECF volume depletion)
8. General approach to the volume depleted patient
9. General Treatment of the Volume Depleted Patient Chapter 3: Disorders of water balance (hypo and hypernatremia)1. Introduction
2. Hyponatremia
3. Etiology of hyponatremia
4. Signs and symptoms
5. Diagnosis
6. Treatment
7. Hypernatremia
8. Etiology
9. Signs and symptoms
10. Diagnosis
11. Treatment Chapter 4: Diuretics1. Introduction
2. Sites of diuretic action in kidney
3. Diuretic resistance
4. Clinical conditions associated with diuretic resistance
5. Treatment of diuretic resistance Chapter 5: Disorders of K+ balance (hypo and hyperkalemia)1. Introduction
2. K+ homeostasis
3. Role of K+ in the resting membrane potential
4. Cellular K+ distribution
5. K+ handling by the kidney
6. Factors controlling renal K+ excretion
7. Hypokalemia8. Etiology
9. Increased cellular K+ uptake
10. Increased renal K+ losses
11. Approach to the patient
12. Clinical manifestations
13. Treatment
14. Hyperkalemia
15. Etiology
16. Approach to the patient
17. Clinical manifestations
18. Treatment Chapter 6: Metabolic Acidosis1. Acid-Base Chemistry and Biology
2. The Bicarbonate Buffering System
3. Acid Excretion by the Kidney
4. Clinical Approach to the Patient with an Acid-Base Disorder
5. Pathophysiology, Compensation and Consequences
6. Use of the Serum and Urine Anion Gap in the Differential Diagnosis of Metabolic Acidosis
7. Differential Diagnosis of Metabolic Acidosis
8. Causes of Metabolic Acidosis
9. Treatment of Metabolic Acidosis Chapter 7: Metabolic Alkalosis1. Introduction
2. Maintenance of Metabolic Alkalosis
3. Clinical Features
4. Differential Diagnosis
5. Cl--Responsive and Cl--Resistant Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis
6. Treatment Chapter 8: Respiratory and mixed acid-base disturbances1. Respiratory Disturbances
2. Respiratory Acidosis
3. Respiratory Alkalosis
4. Mixed Disturbances Chapter 9: Disorders of Serum Calcium1. Regulation
2. Hypercalcemia
3. Hypocalcemia Chapter 10: Disorders of Serum Phosphorus1. Regulation
2. Hyperphosphatemia
3. Hypophosphatemia Chapter 11: Disorders of Serum Magnesium1. Introduction
2. Hypomagnesemia
3. Hypermagnesemia Chapter 12: Appendix1. Introduction
2. Clinical assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR)


Author comments

Robert Reilly, MD, holds the Frederick Coe Professorship in Nephrolithiasis Research, UTSouthwestern School of Medicine and is Chief of Nephrology at the Dallas VA Medical Center.

Mark Perazella, MD, is Associate Professor of Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine and Director of the Nephrology Clinical Fellowship Program.





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